White movement

Verhovny Pravitel flag.png
СЗА нарукавный знак.JPG
Verhovny Pravitel flag.png PA-RG:
Alexander Kolchak (1918–20)
СЗА нарукавный знак.JPG North-West Army:
Nikolai Yudenich (1919–20)
Volunteer Army:
Lavr Kornilov (1917–18)
AFSR:
Anton Denikin (1918–20)
Pyotr Wrangel (1920)
In Transbaikal:
Grigory Semyonov (1917–21)

Allied Interventionist Nations:
 British Empire
 Czechoslovakia
 Empire of Japan
 French Republic
 Kingdom of Greece
 Kingdom of Italy
 Kingdom of Romania
 Kingdom of Serbia
 United States of America
 Republic of China[1]

1917–23:
Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
Latvian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
Commune of Estonia
Mongolian communists
Chinese Volunteers
1923:
 Soviet Union

Makhnovschyna
Red flag.svg Left SR
Green armies

Russian Civil War

The White movement (Russian: Бѣлое движеніе/Белое движение, tr. Beloye dvizheniye, IPA: ) and its military arm the White Army (Бѣлая Армія/Белая Армия, Belaya Armiya), also known as the White Guard (Бѣлая Гвардія/Белая Гвардия, Belaya Gvardiya), the White Guardsmen (Белогвардейцы, Belogvardeytsi) or simply the Whites (Белые, Beliye), was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, also known as the Reds, in the Russian Civil War (1917–1922/3) and, to a lesser extent, continued operating as militarized associations both outside and within Russian borders until roughly the Second World War.

During the Russian Civil War, the White movement was a big tent political movement, representing an array of political opinions in Russia united in their opposition to the Bolsheviks, from the republican-minded bourgeois liberals and Kerenskyite social democrats who had profited from the February Revolution, to the champions of Tsarism and Orthodox Christianity on the right.

Following their defeat, there were remnants and continuations of the movement, some of which only had narrow support, enduring within the wider White émigré community until after the fall of Communism. This community in exile was often divided between the liberals and the more conservative sections.

This page was last edited on 15 July 2018, at 12:57 (UTC).
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_movement under CC BY-SA license.

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