Thermal conductivity

Thermal conductivity (often denoted k, λ, or κ) is the property of a material to conduct heat. It is evaluated primarily in terms of the Fourier's Law for heat conduction. In general, thermal conductivity is a tensor property, expressing the anisotropy of the property.

Heat transfer occurs at a lower rate in materials of low thermal conductivity than in materials of high thermal conductivity. Correspondingly, materials of high thermal conductivity are widely used in heat sink applications and materials of low thermal conductivity are used as thermal insulation. The thermal conductivity of a material may depend on temperature. The reciprocal of thermal conductivity is called thermal resistivity.

The general equation for thermal conductivity is .

In the International System of Units (SI), thermal conductivity is measured in watts per meter-kelvin (W/(mK)). The dimension of thermal conductivity is M1L1T−3Θ−1, expressed in terms of the dimensions mass (M), length (L), time (T), and temperature (Θ). In Imperial units, thermal conductivity is measured in BTU/(hrft°F).

Other units which are closely related to the thermal conductivity are in common use in the construction and textile industries. The construction industry makes use of units such as the R-value (resistance) and the U-value (transmittance). Although related to the thermal conductivity of a material used in an insulation product, R- and U-values are dependent on the thickness of the product.

Likewise the textile industry has several units including the tog and the clo which express thermal resistance of a material in a way analogous to the R-values used in the construction industry.

This page was last edited on 6 June 2018, at 09:50 (UTC).
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_conductivity under CC BY-SA license.

Related Topics


Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag math invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag semantics invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mrow invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mstyle invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mrow invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mrow invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mover invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mi invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mo invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mo invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mo invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mi invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mrow invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mrow invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mover invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mi invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mo invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag mi invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Warning: DOMDocument::loadHTML(): Tag annotation invalid in Entity, line: 1 in /home/ashver/webapps/infospaze/index.php on line 389

Recently Viewed