The testicular self-exam (TSE) is done at home in an effort to screen for testicular cancer (secondary prevention). International literature shows many men do not know how to perform screening for testicular cancer through a self-exam. TSE is recommended to be done while standing and after a warm shower when the scrotum is relaxed and the testes are lower.
Abnormal results of the TSE include the following:
Some signs and symptoms of testicular cancer found during the TSE are common to other disorders of the male urinary tract and reproductive organs, some of which require prompt medical attention to preserve reproductive and urinary function. These include hydrocele testis, a varicocele, a spermatocele, genitourinary system cancers, urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections, or testicular torsion.
Practitioners may recommend testicular self-exam (TSE) when the following risk factors are present: