The word tanti is derived from the Hindi word tant, which means a loom. They were traditionally weavers, and are one of the many communities found in South Asia, traditionally associated with this craft. According to their traditions, they were created by the Hindu god Shiva from his tears. The community is found in south Bihar, and Ranchi district in Jharkhand.
The Tanti are endogamous and consist of a number of totemistic clans, the main ones being the Nag, Sal and Kachchap. They are further divided into uncha and the nicha ir surnames. The Tanti speak Panchpargania dialect of Hindi. Their traditions are similar to other Hindu weaving castes, such as the Koshta and Tattama.
The Tanti were victims of mechanisation, as their traditional occupation is no longer viable. They have now joined other mainstream occupations like labourer,business,agriculture , stonemasons,bidi maker many social work.They live in miserable conditions.They have lack of food,clothes and house.