T.H. Tung was born circa 1960 and grew up in Ruisui, Hualien County, Taiwan. His father was a watchmaker. He grew up in the countryside, without a television set, and played Little League Baseball. He became an avid reader, and was influenced by the works of Yang Mu and Hu Shih.
Tung received a master's degree in computer and communication engineering from the National Taipei University of Technology. While he was at university, he regularly skipped class to read independently instead, often reading censored books. He was also the editor-in-chief of the campus newspaper.
According to CommonWealth Magazine, "He has sponsored countless artistic and cultural events and financed historical research on late presidents Chiang Kai-shek and Chiang Ching-kuo and documentaries on the careers of Taiwanese writers."