Southern Railway 630

Southern Railway No. 630 is a 2-8-0 Consolidation type steam locomotive built in February 1904 by the Richmond Works of the American Locomotive Company for the Southern Railway as a member of the Ks-1 Consolidation class. Today, it operates at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum (TVRM) in Chattanooga, Tennessee.

One of thirty-two K class locomotives built by the Richmond Works of the American Locomotive Company (Alco), No. 630 was standardized with 56 in (1.422 m) wheels and rated at 44,100 lb (20,000 kg) of tractive effort.[1] When it first built in 1904, No. 630 was originally equipped with Stephenson valve gear, sliding valves, and a saturated boiler.[1] In 1910, the locomotive was later upgraded with Southern valve gear, piston valves, and a superheated boiler.[1] With these new upgrades, No. 630 was reclassified as a "Ks" locomotive.[2] No. 630 had more upgrades added such as new cylinders and valve assemblies, which gives the locomotive To develop 46,700 lb (21,200 kg) of tractive effort and reclassified again as "Ks-1".[2]

No. 630 was first put into local and branch line service in Knoxville, Tennessee by Southern Railway before it was moved to Asheville, North Carolina to run on the Murphy and Lake Toxaway branch lines until it was retired from revenue freight service in August 1952.[3][4][5]

Following retirement by Southern, No. 630 and classmate No. 722 were both purchased in November 1952 by the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (ET&WNC) and renumbered to No. 207 and No. 208, respectively.[3][6][7] Originally, the ET&WNC General Manager Clarence Hobbs offered Ks-1s No. 685 (Baldwin, 1904) and No. 835 (Baldwin, 1906), but he found that No. 630 and No. 722 are in better condition than No. 685 and No. 835.[5][7] Before the two Ks-1 locomotives were about to be moved to the ET&WNC, Southern cut down the size of their tender's coal bunker to make sure that it would be easier for the engineer to get a better view during numerous switching moves and reverse operation.[7]

In late 1967, No. 207 (No. 630) and No. 208 (No. 722) were both traded back to the Southern Railway for use in their steam excursion program in return for a pair of former Central of Georgia ALCO RS-3s.[8] Receiving their old numbers again, No. 630 had been given minor repairs and began excursion service in February 1968, while No. 722 had its firebox repaired and returned to operating service in August 1970.[9][10][11]

No. 630 and No. 722 pulled many excursion trains for Southern's steam program until they were loaned to the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum in 1978 and 1980 to make way for larger steam locomotives such as Canadian Pacific No. 2839, Texas and Pacific No. 610, and Chesapeake and Ohio No. 2716 to pull the longer and heavier excursions on Southern's system.[3][12]

In November 1985, No. 722 was taken out of service for its boiler ticket certificate and was moved by Steam Operations General Manager Carl Jenson of Southern's successor Norfolk Southern (NS) to be on display at the City of Asheville in 1992.[12][13] In November 1989, No. 630 was taken out of service and put in storage when TVRM are restoring another 2-8-0 steam locomotive ex-U.S. Army No. 610.[14]

In 1999, Norfolk Southern donated No. 630 to TVRM and the locomotive went under a ten year restoration at a cost of almost $700,000.[4][14] The locomotive returned to operating service on March 14, 2011 and participated in the 21st Century Steam program instituted by Norfolk Southern.[4][15]

This page was last edited on 16 July 2018, at 04:13 (UTC).
Reference: under CC BY-SA license.

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