Stamford Raffles

Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, FRS (6 July 1781 – 5 July 1826) was a British statesman, Lieutenant-Governor of British Java (1811–1815) and Governor-General of Bencoolen (1817–1822), best known for his founding of Singapore and the British Malaya.

He was heavily involved in the conquest of the Indonesian island of Java from Dutch and French military forces during the Napoleonic Wars and contributed to the expansion of the British Empire. He was also an amateur writer and wrote a book, The History of Java (1817).

Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles was born in 6 July 1781 on the ship Ann off the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica, to Captain Benjamin Raffles (d. June 1797) and Anne Raffles (née Lyde).[1] His father was a Yorkshireman[citation needed] who had a burgeoning family[1] and little luck in the West Indies trade during the American Revolution, sending the family into debt.[citation needed]

The little money the family had went into schooling Raffles. He attended a boarding school. In 1795, at the age of 14, Raffles started working as a clerk in London for the British East India Company, the trading company that shaped many of Britain's overseas conquests.

In 1805 he was sent to Prince of Wales Island, Malaya, starting his long association with Southeast Asia. He started with a post under the Honourable Philip Dundas, the Governor of Penang.

He was appointed assistant secretary to the new Governor of Penang in 1805.

In 1804 he married Olivia Mariamne Devenish, a widow 10 years his senior.[2]:57, 73, 107 who was formerly married to Jacob Cassivelaun Fancourt, an assistant surgeon in Madras who had died in 1800.[2]:59, 69

At this time he also made the acquaintance of Thomas Otho Travers, who would accompany him for the next twenty years.

This page was last edited on 14 July 2018, at 23:03 (UTC).
Reference: under CC BY-SA license.

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