Sawad

Sawad was the name used in early Islamic times (7th–12th centuries) for southern Iraq. It means "black land" and refers to the stark contrast between the alluvial plain of Mesopotamia and the Arabian desert. Under the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates, it was an official political term for a province encompassing most of modern Iraq (except for the western desert and al-Jazira in the north).

As a generic term, it was used to denote the irrigated and cultivated areas in any district, in Arabic and Persian.

This page was last edited on 1 May 2018, at 13:21.
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sawad under CC BY-SA license.

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