, an acronym
for Signal, Interference, Noise, Propagation, and Overall
, is a Signal Reporting Code used to describe the quality of radiotelegraph
transmissions. SINPFEMO, an acronym for Signal, Interference, Noise, Propagation, frequency of Fading, Modulation, dEpth, and Overall
is used to describe the quality of radiotelephony
transmissions. SINPFEMO code consists of the SINPO code plus the addition of three letters to describe additional features of radiotelephony transmissions. These codes are defined by Recommendation ITU-R Sm.1135, SINPO and SINPFEMO codes
This format evolved from the BBC's RAISO format (full version: RAFISBEMVO, which measured:
SINPO code is most frequently used in reception reports written by shortwave listeners. Each letter of the code stands for a specific factor of the signal, and each item is graded on a 1 to 5 scale (where 1 stands for nearly undetectable/severe/unusable and 5 for excellent/nil/extremely strong).
The code originated with the CCIR (a predecessor to the ITU-R) in 1951, and was widely used by BBC shortwave listeners to submit signal reports, with many going so far as to mail audio recordings to the BBC's offices.
SINPO and SINPFEMO are the official signal reporting codes for international civil aviation and ITU-R.
The use of the SINPO code can be subjective and may vary from person to person. Not all shortwave listeners are conversant with the SINPO code and prefer using plain language instead.
This page was last edited on 10 April 2018, at 20:39.
under CC BY-SA license.