Qoph or Qop (Phoenician Qōp Phoenician qoph.svg) is the nineteenth letter of the Semitic abjads. Aramaic Qop Qoph.svg is derived from the Phoenician letter, and derivations from Aramaic include Hebrew Qof ק‬, Syriac Qōp̄ ܩ and Arabic Qāf ق.

Its original sound value was a West Semitic emphatic stop, presumably or . In Hebrew gematria, it has the numerical value of 100.

The origin of the glyph shape of qōp (Phoenician qoph.svg) is uncertain. It is usually suggested to have originally depicted either a sewing needle, specifically the eye of a needle, or the back of a head and neck (qāf in Arabic meant "nape"). According to an older suggestion, it may also have been a picture of a monkey and its tail (the Hebrew קוף means "monkey").

Besides Aramaic Qop, which gave rise to the letter in the Semitic abjads used in classical antiquity, Phoenician qōp is also the origin of the Latin letter Q and Greek Ϙ (qoppa) and Φ (phi).

The Arabic letter ق is named قاف qāf. It is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

It is usually transliterated into Latin script as q, though some scholarly works use .

This page was last edited on 6 May 2018, at 09:30.
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qoph under CC BY-SA license.

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