Flag of Provence
Coat of arms of Provence
Provence (/prəˈvɒns/; French pronunciation: ​; Provençal: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm, pronounced ) is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River to the west to the Italian border to the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It largely corresponds with the modern administrative région of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, and includes the départements of Var, Bouches-du-Rhône, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and parts of Alpes-Maritimes and Vaucluse. The largest city of the region is Marseille.

The Romans made the region the first Roman province beyond the Alps and called it Provincia Romana, which evolved into the present name. Until 1481 it was ruled by the Counts of Provence from their capital in Aix-en-Provence, then became a province of the Kings of France. While it has been part of France for more than five hundred years, it still retains a distinct cultural and linguistic identity, particularly in the interior of the region.

Mont Ventoux and a field of lavender

The old port of Marseille.

Place Republique in Arles

Moustiers-Sainte-Marie, in Upper Provence

This page was last edited on 6 June 2018, at 21:24 (UTC).
Reference: under CC BY-SA license.

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