The health system is a network of hospitals, family medicine clinics, rehab facilities, auxiliary services, and medical education training facilities. The flagship hospital Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital is a 691-bed teaching hospital and a regional center for cancer and cardiac medicine. The Phoebe Cancer Center is one of the busiest and most advanced in the Southeast. The Phoebe Heart Center performs open-heart and cardiac catheterization procedures. Phoebe is one of six designated perinatal centers in the state of Georgia and is the regions provider of neonatal intensive care, cardiovascular surgery and radiation oncology services. The hospital also offers medical-surgical care, emergency treatment, obstetrics, pediatrics, wound care, a women's health center and more.
In 1910, Judge Francis Flagg Putney donated $25,000 to the Ladies Hospital Aid Society of Albany to establish a hospital to serve the citizens of Southwest Georgia. Judge Putney’s endowment came with three provisions:
The hospital officially opened its doors to patients on August 1, 1911.
The hospital was at the centre of a criminal case in 1986 after a GBI investigation following an unusually high percentage of cardiac arrests. Nurse Terri Rachals was indicted on twenty counts of aggravated assault, and convicted on one count as "guilty but mentally ill" of aggravated assault with intent to murder. Potassium chloride was injected into a bag of frozen plasma which was then introduced to a patient's body.
In 2010, Phoebe spent $195 million to buy Palmyra Medical Center, then owned by the nation's largest hospital operator, Hospital Corporation of America. The agreement ended fierce competition between the two, including a lawsuit over whether Palmyra could start delivering babies.
As part of a settlement with the Federal Trade Commission in 2013, Phoebe Putney and the Hospital Authority of Albany and Dougherty Co. have agreed that for ten years, they would not acquire, without prior notification to the FTC, a general acute care hospital, an inpatient or outpatient clinic or facility or a physician group practice of five or more physicians within the six-county region the FTC asserted was relevant (Dougherty, Terrell, Lee, Worth, Baker, and Mitchell Counties). Phoebe Putney and the Authority also agreed that for five years, they would not file any objections with the Georgia Department of Community Health to the issuance of a Certificate of Need for a new general acute care hospital in the same six-county region.
Phoebe and the Authority are not restricted from objecting to CON applications for other projects but have agreed to provide a copy of any such objection to the FTC. Lastly, Phoebe Putney agreed to provide annual reports of its compliance with these provisions, for ten years.