Organization for the Islamic Revolution in the Arabian Peninsula

Logo of the Organization for the Islamic Revolution in the Arabian peninsula.svg
The Organization for the Islamic Revolution in the Arabian Peninsula (Arabic: منظمة الثورة الإسلامية في شبه الجزيرة العربيةMunathamat al-Thawra al-Islamiyya fi al-Jazira al-Arabiyya), OIR or OIRAP was an underground political organization led by Hassan al-Saffar that was active in Saudi Arabia and advocated a Shiite Islamic revolution in the Arabian peninsula. The group had its roots in the Shia Reform Movement in Saudi Arabia, although it was radicalized in 1979 as a result of the Iranian revolution and the Qatif Uprising. The group subsequently strove for change through confrontation, mass action, and revolution. However, after having failed to realise its goal of a Shi'ite Islamic revolution in the Arabian peninsula, the group underwent a period of moderation in the late 1980s, leading to a détente with Saudi government. In a sign of its growing moderation, the OIR transformed itself into the Reformative Movement in the Arabian Peninsula in 1991. The Reform Movement was then dissolved in 1993.

The OIR had its roots in the Shia Reform Movement in Saudi Arabia, which had been founded by al-Saffar in 1975 and advocated improving conditions for Shiites in Saudi Arabia through gradual reform within Saudi Arabia.

The OIR emerged as a force on the eve of the attempted Qatif Uprising in 1979. In the ensuing violence many OIR members and supporters were arrested. The OIR itself claimed that 60 of its members died, 800 were wounded, and that 1,200 were arrested.

Following the failed uprising Saffar, along with much of the leadership of the OIR, went into exile in Iran, along with Western Europe and North America. Within Iran most of the exiles tended to congregate in Tehran, where the Saudis constituted the bulk of the students at the Hawza of the Imam of the Age

In 1980 the OIR began publishing a monthly magazine in London known as The Islamic Revolution Magazine (Majallat al-Thawra al-Islamiya). This magazine was the main means by which the group announced its social and cultural activities.

For most of the 1980s the OIR maintained a line of strict opposition to the Saudi government, and refused any negotiations with the Saudi establishment. In 1987 the group was allegedly was involved in the Mecca riots.

This page was last edited on 18 June 2018, at 19:23 (UTC).
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organization_for_the_Islamic_Revolution_in_the_Arabian_Peninsula under CC BY-SA license.

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