Map of Russia - Bryansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Novozybkov is located in Bryansk Oblast
Novozybkov (Russian: Новозы́бков) is a historical town in Bryansk Oblast, Russia. Population: 40,553 (2010 Census);[4] 43,038 (2002 Census);[7] 44,854 (1989 Census).[8]

It was founded in 1701 and was granted town status in 1809.[citation needed] Novozybkov was a major hemp supplier in the 18th and 19th centuries, particularly for the production of ropes for the Imperial Russian Navy. Following the Crimean War, the demand for hemp fell, and cultivation stopped altogether at the beginning of the 20th century.[9]

The world's first ground effect vehicle designer Rostislav Alexeyev was born in the town.

During World War II, Novozybkov was occupied by the German Army from 16 August 1941 to 25 September 1943.

On April 26, 1986, Novozybkovsky District and the neighbouring Krasnogorsky District were contaminated with radioactive fallout from the Chernobyl disaster. Today, these two areas remain the most contaminated in the Russian Federation as to the total contaminated area and the intensity of contamination (curies per km²). The area not suitable for human habitation (more than 40 curies per km²) starts at 1 km west of Novozybkov city limits.[10]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Novozybkov serves as the administrative center of Novozybkovsky District,[1] even though it is not a part of it.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Novozybkovsky Urban Administrative Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Novozybkovsky Urban Administrative Okrug is incorporated as Novozybkov Urban Okrug.[2]

This page was last edited on 11 July 2018, at 14:04 (UTC).
Reference: under CC BY-SA license.

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