; from Latin
= wonderful), or the common swamp pitcher-plant
is a carnivorous plant
species. By far the most widespread of all Nepenthes
, its range covers continental Southeast Asia
and all major islands of the Malay Archipelago
(minus the Lesser Sunda Islands
and northern Philippines
), stretching from China
in the north to Australia
in the south.
The species exhibits great variability throughout its range. One of the more notable varieties, N. mirabilis
, is endemic
and possesses an extremely wide peristome
The conservation status of N. mirabilis is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. In Hong Kong, it is a protected species under Forestry Regulations Cap. 96A.
According to Matthew Jebb and Martin Cheek, the pitchers of N. mirabilis are used as toy phallocrypts in New Guinea.
Nepenthes mirabilis has by far the widest distribution of any Nepenthes species and is known from the following countries and regions: Australia (Cape York Peninsula), Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Islands (Palau and Yap), China (Guangdong Province, Hainan, Hong Kong, and Macau), D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Java, Laos, Louisiade Archipelago, Maluku Islands, Myanmar, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines (Dinagat and Mindanao), Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, and Vietnam. It has also been recorded from many smaller islands, including Babi, Bangka, Banyak Islands, Batu Islands, Bengkalis, Enggano, Ko Lanta, Ko Tarutao, Langkawi, Mendol, Mentawai Islands (North Pagai, Siberut, Sipura, and South Pagai), Meranti Islands (Padang, Rangsang, and Tebing Tinggi), Nias, Penang, Phuket, Riau Islands (Lingga Islands and Riau Archipelago), Rupat, Tawi-Tawi, and possibly Wowoni.
Nepenthes mirabilis is closely related to N. rowaniae and N. tenax, the only two Nepenthes species endemic to Australia.
In his Carnivorous Plant Database, taxonomist Jan Schlauer treats N. kongkandana as a synonym of N. mirabilis.
This page was last edited on 9 March 2018, at 19:50.
under CC BY-SA license.