Mina (Sikhism)

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Minas (ਮੀਣੇ) is a term coined by orthodox Sikhs for a sect of Sikhism that followed Baba Prithi Chand (1558–1618), the eldest son of Guru Ram Das after the younger brother Guru Arjan was officially made the next Guru.[1][2] Minas were shunned by orthodox Sikhs, declared as one of the five Panj Mel that a Sikh must avoid by Guru Gobind Singh, and the term itself has a derogatory meaning of "scoundrels".[2][3] An alternate non-derogatory term for them has been the Miharvan Sikhs.[4][5]

Mina emerged as major sect which ran in parallel to Guru Arjan and his official successors.[6] They controlled Amritsar and Harmandir Sahib built under Guru Arjan for much of the 17th century.[7]

The term Mina means a "deceitful, charlatan, hypocrite". This term emerged after Guru Ram Das nominated the younger son as the next Guru, instead of the elder son. The elder son Prithi Chand protested this decision. Sikhs in the commune split, some supporting Guru Arjan, others Prithi Chand. The latter group were considered hostile.[8] Some scholars avoid using the derogatory term for them, and call them the Miharvan sampraday (meaning "Miharvan commune") or Sikhan da chotta mel ("Sikh sect that lived for a short while").[4]

They were a major parallel Sikh sect in the 17th century in addition to the orthodox Sikhs, but not the only one. Other sub-traditions of Sikhism included the Hindali Sikhs who followed Baba Hindal. All of these Sikh sects produced a variety of competing Sikh literature that is of historic importance to Sikh studies.[4]

In some historic sources, Prithi Chand is alleged as a mean person who challenged Guru Arjan, tried to poison his son Guru Hargobind and helped the Mughal officials arrest then execute Guru Arjan. In Minas literature, in contrast, he was a devout follower of Guru Arjan who helped the Sikh cause and who was the rightful successor of Guru Arjan. According to them, after the arrest and execution of Guru Arjan by Mughal emperor Jehangir, unofficial associates in the commune made the eleven year old Guru Hargobind the next Guru and began vilifying Prithi Chand.[4]

They emerged in a period of religious persecution and inner dispute within the Sikh tradition on the appropriateness of violence and non-violence in the pursuit of religious freedoms and spiritual matters. According to Hardip Syan and Pritam Singh, Minas emphasized more of the non-militant approach of Guru Nanak and earlier Gurus in theological pursuits, while the Guru Hargobind followers pursued the "miri-piri" approach and began militarizing the Sikh tradition to resist the Mughal persecution.[9][10]

The Miharvans (Mina sect) is nearly extinct.[7]

Minas did not believe in authority of last five Gurus and have their own lineage. Following are Gurus common to mainstream Sikhs and Minas belief:[4]

This page was last edited on 24 December 2017, at 12:44 (UTC).
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mina_(Sikhism) under CC BY-SA license.

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