Military history of ancient Rome
The military history of ancient Rome
is inseparable from its political system
, based from an early date upon competition within the ruling elite
. Two consuls
were elected each year to head the government of the state, and in the early
were assigned a consular army and an area in which to campaign.
From Gaius Marius and Sulla onwards, control of the army began to be tied into the political ambitions of individuals, leading to the political triumvirate of the late 1st century BC and its resolution in a civil war that led to the Republic's collapse. The Empire was increasingly plagued by usurpations led or supported by military conspiracies, leading to the Crisis of the Third Century (A.D. 235–284) in the late empire and eventual final decline.
Following is a list of topics on the military history of ancient Rome.
This page was last edited on 14 March 2017, at 05:13 (UTC)
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