After the extinction of the Korecki family in the 17th century, the Golitsyns claimed dynastic seniority in the House of Gediminas. Notable members include Vasily Vasilyevich Golitsyn (1643-1714), Boris Alexeyevich Golitsyn (1654-1714) and Dmitry Mikhaylovich Golitsyn (1665-1737).
Alternative transliterations of the name include: Galitzine, Galistyn, Galitsin, Golitsin, Golitsyne and Galitzin
The family descends from a Lithuanian prince George, son of Patrikas and grandson of Narimantas. He immigrated to the court of Vasily I and married Vasily's sister. His children and grandchildren, Vassian Patrikeyev, were considered premier Russian boyars.
One of them, Prince Mikhail Bulgakov-Golitsa, earned the nickname Golitsa (glove, geležìs in Old Lithuanian) for an iron glove he wore in the Battle of Orsha in 1514. His son Yuri Bulgakov-Golytsin continued with the family line and his great-grandson Prince Vasily Golitsyn (+1619) was active during the Time of Troubles and went as an ambassador to Poland to offer the Russian crown to Prince Władysław.