was an English Augustinian priory
founded in 1114 by Gilbert Norman, Sheriff of Surrey
under King Henry I
(1100-1135). It was situated within the manor
in the county
of Surrey, in what is today the Colliers Wood
area in the London Borough of Merton
The priory buildings were situated within the Diocese of Southwark and at the point where the River Wandle was crossed by Stane Street, a Roman road, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) outside the City of London. It held cultivated land and pastures there and at other places in Surrey and held manors and other lands elsewhere in England including Teign (Canons' Teign) in Devon.
By 1117 the foundation had been colonised by Canons Regular from the Augustinian priory at Huntingdon and re-sited in Merton, close to Wandle.
The priory became an important centre of learning and was entered by Nicholas Breakspeare in 1125 (who became Adrian IV, the first English Pope, in 1154), and Thomas Becket in 1130.
Walter de Merton, Lord Chancellor, Bishop of Rochester, and founder of Merton College, Oxford, took his name from the Priory, having been educated there in the 1230s.
In 1236 King Henry III held a Parliament at the Priory at which the Statute of Merton was passed allowing amongst other matters lords of the manor to enclose common land provided that sufficient pasture remained for their tenants. This was the first recorded statute of the first recorded English parliament.
This page was last edited on 18 March 2018, at 23:27.
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