A maritime boundary
is a conceptual division of the Earth
's water surface areas using physiographic
criteria. As such, it usually bounds areas of exclusive national rights
over mineral and biological resources,
encompassing maritime features, limits and zones.
Generally, a maritime boundary is delineated at a particular distance from a jurisdiction's coastline. Although in some countries the term maritime boundary
of a maritime nation
that are recognized by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
, maritime borders usually serve to identify the edge of international waters
Maritime boundaries exist in the context of territorial waters, contiguous zones, and exclusive economic zones; however, the terminology does not encompass lake or river boundaries, which are considered within the context of land boundaries.
Some maritime boundaries have remained indeterminate despite efforts to clarify them. This is explained by an array of factors, some of which involve regional problems.
The delineation of maritime boundaries has strategic, economic and environmental implications.
The terms boundary, frontier and border are often used as if they were interchangeable, but they are also terms with precise meanings.
A boundary is a line. The terms "frontier", "borderland" and "border" are zones of indeterminate width. Such areas forms the outermost part of a country. Borders are bounded on one side by a national boundary. There are variations in the specific terminology of maritime boundary agreements which have been concluded since the 1970s. Such differences are less important than what is being delimited.
This page was last edited on 24 May 2018, at 17:53 (UTC)
under CC BY-SA license.