were historically based on a long naming system; most Arabs
did not have given
, but a full chain of names. This system was mainly in use throughout Arab World
The ism (اسم), is the given name, first name, or personal name; e.g. "Ahmad" or "Fatimah". Most Arabic names have meaning as ordinary adjectives and nouns, and are often aspirational of character:
The syntactic context will generally differentiate the name from the noun/adjective. However Arabic newspapers will occasionally place names in brackets, or quotation marks, to avoid confusion.
Indeed such is the popularity of the name "Muhammad" throughout parts of Africa, Arabia, the Middle East, South Asia and Southeast Asia, it is often represented by the abbreviation "Md.", "Mohd.", "Muhd.", or just "M.". In India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines, due to its almost ubiquitous use as a first name, a person will often be referred to by their second name:
The laqab (لقب), pl. alqāb (القاب); agnomen; cognomen; nickname; title, honorific; last name, surname, family name. The laqab is typically descriptive of the person.
In ancient Arab societies use of a laqab was common, but today is restricted to the surname, or family name, of birth.
This page was last edited on 20 March 2018, at 23:12.
under CC BY-SA license.