A land grant
is a gift of real estate
– land or its use privileges – made by a government or other authority as an incentive, means of enabling works, or as a reward for services to an individual, especially in return for military service
. Grants of land are also awarded to individuals and companies as incentives to develop unused land in relatively unpopulated countries; the process of awarding land grants are not limited to the countries named below. The United States historically gave out numerous land grants as Homesteads to individuals desiring to prove a farm. The American Industrial Revolution was guided by many supportive acts of legislatures (for example, the Main Line of Public Works
legislation of 1826) promoting commerce or transportation infrastructure
development by private companies, such as the Cumberland Road turnpike
, the Lehigh Canal
, the Schuylkill Canal
, and the many railroads that tied the young United States together.
Roman soldiers were given pensions (praemia) at the end of their service including cash or land. Augustus fixed the amount in AD 5 at 3,000 denarii and by the time of Caracalla it had risen to 5,000 denarii. One denarius was roughly equivalent to a day's wages for an unskilled laborer.
Australia was first settled by the British in 1788 to form the colony of New South Wales, with them claiming all land as crown land. Over time, it granted land to released convicts. Males were allowed 30 acres (12 ha), plus 20 acres (8.1 ha) if they were married, and 10 acres (4.0 ha) additional per child. Instructions were issued on 20 August 1789 that non-commissioned Marine Officers were to be entitled to 100 acres (40 ha) additional and privates to 50 acres (20 ha) additional.
Governor Macquarie canceled land grants issued during the Rum Rebellion 1808-09, although some were later renewed.
Land grants started to be phased out when private tendering was introduced, and stricter limits were placed on grants without purchase. The instructions to Governor Brisbane were issued on 17 July 1825. From 9 January 1831, all land was to be sold at public auction.
There were also significant land grants in the Swan River Colony, and in Van Diemen's Land from 1803.
This page was last edited on 3 April 2018, at 16:25.
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