Intransitive verb

Globe of letters.svg
In grammar, an intransitive verb does not allow a direct object. This is distinct from a transitive verb, which takes one or more objects. The verb property is called transitivity. Intransitive verbs can often be identified as those which can't be followed by a "who" or a "what".

In the following sentences, verbs are used without direct object:


The following sentences contain transitive verbs (they take one or more objects):

Some verbs allow for objects but do not always require one. Such a verb may be used as intransitive in one sentence, and as transitive in another:

In general, intransitive verbs often involve weather terms, involuntary processes, states, bodily functions, motion, action processes, cognition, sensation, and emotion.[1]:54–61

The valency of a verb is related to transitivity. Where the transitivity of a verb only considers the objects, the valency of a verb considers all the arguments the verb takes, including both the subject of the verb and all of the objects.

It is possible to change the transitivity of a verb, and in so doing to change the valency.

In languages that have a passive voice, a transitive verb in the active voice becomes intransitive in the passive voice. For example, consider the following sentence:

This page was last edited on 20 July 2018, at 15:05 (UTC).
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intransitive_verb under CC BY-SA license.

Related Topics

Recently Viewed