International Celestial Reference System
The International Celestial Reference System
) is the current standard celestial reference system
adopted by the International Astronomical Union
(IAU). Its origin is at the barycenter
of the Solar System
, with axes that are intended to be "fixed" with respect to space. ICRS coordinates are approximately the same as equatorial coordinates
: the mean pole at J2000
.0 in the ICRS lies at 17.3±0.2 mas
in the direction 12 h and 5.1±0.2 mas in the direction 18 h. The mean equinox
of J2000.0 is shifted from the ICRS right ascension
origin by 78±10 mas (direct rotation around the polar axis).
The ICRS is based on hundreds of extra-galactic radio sources, mostly quasars, distributed around the entire sky. Because they are so distant, they are apparently stationary to our current technology, yet their positions can be measured with the utmost accuracy by Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI). The positions of most are known to 0.001 arcsecond or better, which is orders of magnitude more precise than the best optical measurements.
This page was last edited on 19 December 2017, at 07:30.
under CC BY-SA license.