There are three kinds:-
Highways are vital for tenants and landowners because most property needs a means of access from the public highway. A property with no such means of access is called "landlocked", which has serious consequences for its value and use.
The main statute governing highways is the Highways Act 1980. This gives responsibility for most highways to local councils, although trunk roads lie directly with the Secretary of State.
A highway may be created in law by:-
Hubbard, Tom. On the Road to Nowhere. Estates Gazette no. 1130, 30 July 2011. pp53-54. Reed Business Information.