Follow-on

In cricket, the follow-on is where a team batting second is forced to take its second innings immediately after its first, after having failed to reach close enough to the score achieved by the team who batted first (in that team's first innings).

The order of innings in a match where the follow-on is enforced is as follows:

This contrasts with the conventional order of innings (when the follow-on is not available or not enforced):

The decision to enforce the follow-on is made by the captain of the team that batted first, who are in an advantageous position. Enforcing is intended to reduce the chance of the match being drawn, as the follow-on means that both of the trailing team's innings will be completed sooner. This decision to enforce or decline the follow-on is made after considering the state of the game, the conditions of weather and pitch, the apparent strength of the two sides, and the time remaining.

The follow-on only occurs in forms of cricket where both teams bat twice (for example domestic first class cricket or international Test cricket). The rules governing the circumstances in which the follow-on may be enforced are found in Law 14 of the Laws of Cricket.

An example can be seen in the Second Test of the India national cricket team's tour of Sri Lanka in 2017. In this Test, India won the toss and chose to bat first. Sri Lanka batted second, and were then forced to follow-on, after failing to reach within 200 runs of India's first inning score. Therefore, the order of innings in this Test (which India won by an innings and 53 runs) was:

This contrasts with the order of innings in the First Test of the same series (which India won by 304 runs), where Indian captain Virat Kohli had the option to enforce the follow-on, but declined:

The number of runs by which a team must lead to enforce the follow-on upon its opponent is determined by Law 14 of the Laws of cricket, which takes the length of the match into consideration:[1]

This page was last edited on 15 June 2018, at 09:56 (UTC).
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Follow_on under CC BY-SA license.

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