St John, Fernham - geograph.org.uk - 1543499.jpg
Fernham is located in Oxfordshire
Fernham is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) south of Faringdon in the Vale of White Horse. Fernham was historically part of the parish of Shrivenham. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 local authority boundary changes transferred the Vale of White Horse to Oxfordshire.

The manor of Fernham was in existence by the first half of the 13th century, when Juliana de Elsefeld quitclaimed six virgates of land at Fernham to William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke. The Earl supported Henry III, but the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, defeated the King at the Battle of Lewes in 1264, and thereafter the manors of Shrivenham and Fernham were granted to his wife Joan de Valence, Countess of Pembroke, for her maintenance. Shrivenham and Fernham descended with the same heirs until Richard Talbot, 2nd Baron Talbot, died seised of the reversion of Fernham in 1356.

Fernham was part of the Church of England parish of Shrivenham until 1846, when it and neighbouring Longcot were formed into a separate ecclesiastical parish. The Church of England parish church of Saint John the Evangelist was designed in 13th-century style by the Gothic Revival architect J.W. Hugall and built in 1861 as a chapel of ease for Longcot. St. John's parish is now part of a single Church of England Benefice with the parishes of Ashbury, Bourton, Compton Beauchamp, Longcot, Shrivenham, and Watchfield. In 2008 the parish controversially spent a £90,000 grant from the Big Lottery Fund to strip St. John's of its Victorian pews, lay a modern floor. and reörder its interior for secular uses as a village hall.

Fernham had a Congregational chapel.

From 1966 to 2008, a community of Roman Catholic Benedictine nuns had its priory at a former farmstead 12 mile (800 m) northwest of the village.

A village school was built in Fernham in 1717 and altered in 1825. It has since merged with the village school in Longcot and its former premises in Fernham are now a parish room.

This page was last edited on 18 April 2018, at 09:11.
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernham under CC BY-SA license.

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