Eugene Turenne Gregorie

Eugene Turenne Gregorie.jpg
automobile designer

Eugene Turenne Gregorie (also E. T. "Bob" Gregorie, Eugene T. "Bob" Gregorie; pronounced "GREG-ree";[1] 1908–2002) was an American yacht designer and automobile designer. Gregorie and Edsel Ford worked closely together to design many automobiles of the 1930s and 1940s. Although he was a high school dropout he became the head of Ford's automobile design department. He returned to yacht design after retirement.

Gregorie was born in Hempstead, Nassau, Long Island, New York, as Eugene T. Gregorie Jr. on October 12, 1908.[1] Gregorie's parents were Eugene Turenne Gregorie and Alva Palmer Gregorie.[1][2] Gregorie was the first-born son and was nicknamed 'Bob' to distinguish him from his father.[1]

Gregorie's ancestors came from Scotland and immigrated to Virginia in the eighteenth century. His ancestors were merchants trading in slaves and products from the United Kingdom.[1] Gregorie's father was a successful entrepreneur with investments in the stock market. Gregorie's mother was an accomplished painter.[1]

The 1925 New York State Census shows that when Gregorie was 17 years old he was still living in Long Island, New York, with his parents.[3] After high school, Gregorie attended private schools in Virginia for higher education.[1] The 1940 U.S. Census shows that when he was 32 years old he resided in Grosse Ile Township, Michigan and in 1935 in Dearborn, Michigan.[4]

Gregorie started his design career in 1926 at Elco Works, a New Jersey yacht-building company[6] when he was a high school dropout.[5][7] His supervisor at the company was William Fleming, chief architect.[6] After working there for about a year he left that firm and went to work for Cox & Stevens, a yacht designing firm in downtown Manhattan.[8][9] He worked for them until the fall of 1928.[8]

Gregorie started his automobile design work at Brewster & Company, an automobile body design company, in late 1928 and worked there for about a year.[10] He then went to Detroit and worked a few months at General Motors under the chief designer Harley Earl in the Art and Colour design department. Due to the Great Depression and the poor economy that followed, he was laid off since he was a new hire.[9] He then tried to get a job at the Lincoln Motor Company in Detroit, but they were not hiring at the time.[11] Gregorie obtained various odd jobs related to yachts for much of 1930.[11] He spent the winter of 1930 with his family in a South Carolina cottage.[12]

Gregorie received a telegram at the end of December 1930 from Lincoln Motor Company's chief body engineer saying they needed an automobile body designer; the directive came from Edsel Ford who was in charge of Lincoln Motor Company. The telegram read Report at Ford Motor Company Engineering Laboratory, Dearborn. Confident he could do automotive design quite well, Gregorie traveled to Dearborn, Michigan, which took him several days. Edsel Ford hired him in early 1931 at age twenty-two. His first assignment was to design a Ford automobile for the European market, which became the Model Y.[9][13]

This page was last edited on 21 February 2018, at 03:13 (UTC).
Reference: under CC BY-SA license.

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