Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India established in 1864. It is the home venue of the Bengal cricket team and the IPL franchise cricket team Kolkata Knight Riders, and is also a venue for Test, ODI and T20I matches of the India national cricket team.The stadium currently has a capacity of 68,000  The Stadium is Currently the Largest Cricket Stadium in India By Capacity but it will soon be the Second Largest Stadium After The Redevelopment of Sardar Patel Stadium in Ahmedabad which Would have the Capacity of 110,000 and Will Become Largest Cricket Stadium in the world Surpassing Melbourne Cricket Ground which Holds the Capacity of 100,024.
Eden Gardens is often regarded informally as India's home of cricket. The ground has been referred to as "cricket's answer to the Colosseum," and is widely acknowledged to be one of the most iconic cricket stadiums in the world. Eden Gardens has hosted matches in major international competitions including the World Cup, World Twenty20 and Asia Cup. In 1987, Eden Gardens became the second stadium to host a World Cup final. The 2016 ICC World Twenty20 final was held at the Eden Gardens where the West Indies beat England in closely fought encounter.
Eden Gardens has also occasionally been used for Association football matches. Through 2017, it has hosted the highest number of International matches in India - 82 that includes 40 Test matches, 31 ODIs and 6 T20Is, 4 Women ODIs and 1 Women T20I.
The stadium was established in 1864. The stadium gets its name from the Eden Gardens, one of the oldest parks in Kolkata, adjacent to the stadium, designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the then Governor-General of India. Initially it was named 'Auckland Circus Gardens’ but later changed to 'Eden Gardens' by its makers inspired by Garden of Eden in the Bible. The cricket grounds were built between Babughat and Fort William. The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat and opposite to the Calcutta High Court.
The first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934 between England and India, its first One Day International in 1987 between India and Pakistan and its first T20 international in 2011 between India and England. The Hero Cup semi final featuring India and South Africa was the first Day/Night match.
The Stadium is the headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal. Apart from International matches, the stadium hosts matches for domestic Indian cricket and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders. The stadium's Club House is named after former Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy.
Before the 1987 World Cup, the stadium had a capacity of 40,000. It was expanded to 94,000. Renovations included changes to press box, club house and television infrastructure. 42 columns provided the support for large roofs and multi-tiered covered stands. Even after the renovation, not all seats were covered and many sections lacked individual seats.