For every vector space there exists a basis, and all bases of a vector space have equal cardinality; as a result, the dimension of a vector space is uniquely defined. We say V is finite-dimensional if the dimension of V is finite, and infinite-dimensional if its dimension is infinite.
The dimension of the vector space V over the field F can be written as dimF(V) or as , read "dimension of V over F". When F can be inferred from context, dim(V) is typically written.
The vector space R3 has
The complex numbers C are both a real and complex vector space; we have dimR(C) = 2 and dimC(C) = 1. So the dimension depends on the base field.