is a natural apocarotenoid dicarboxylic acid
that is found in the crocus
flower and Gardenia jasminoides
(fruits). It forms brick red crystals with a melting point of 285 °C.
The chemical structure of crocetin forms the central core of crocin, the compound responsible for the color of saffron.
Crocin and crocetin may provide neuroprotection in rats by reducing the production of various neurotoxic molecules, based on an in-vitro cell study.
A 2009 study involving 14 individuals indicated that oral administration of crocetin may decrease the effects of physical fatigue in healthy men.
A 2010 pilot study investigated the effect of crocetin on sleep. The clinical trial comprised a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of 21 healthy adult men with a mild sleep complaint. It concluded that crocetin may (p=0.025) contribute to improving the quality of sleep.
In high concentrations, it has protective effects against retinal damage in vitro and in vivo.
This page was last edited on 18 May 2018, at 10:35.
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