Marseille claimed its first title since its 1992–93 UEFA Champions League triumph following a 3–1 victory over Bordeaux. The goals were scored by Souleymane Diawara, Mathieu Valbuena and Mathieu Chalmé, who converted an own goal; Ludovic Sané scored Bordeaux's lone goal. Because of its Ligue 1 title, Marseille claimed the league and league cup double. It became the second-straight season a club had won the league and league cup double, with finalists Bordeaux achieving it the previous season.
Marseille entered the final having last appeared in a final of a knockout competition at the 2006–07 edition of the Coupe de France when it lost to Sochaux on penalties. Marseille's appearance in the final marked its debut in the competition's final match. Prior to this appearance, the club's best finish in the competition was reaching the semi-finals during the 2002–03 season, where it lost 0–1 to Monaco, the eventual champions. At the time, Monaco was managed by Didier Deschamps, Marseille's current manager.
Bordeaux entered the competition as defending champions having defeated Ligue 2 club Vannes in the 2009 edition of the final by a score of 4–0. Bordeaux had won the competition a record three times. They share this honor with Paris Saint-Germain. This year's appearance marked Bordeaux's sixth appearance in the competition's final match, which also is a record. The Aquitaine-based outfit attempted to become the first club in the history of the competition to successfully defend their title.
In total, Bordeaux and Marseille contested one another 49 times in league play, with the latter having the advantage winning 27 matches. Bordeaux have accounted for 17 wins, while 5 were played to a draw. The clubs had never faced one another in the Coupe de la Ligue. The clubs' most recent meeting came during the 2009–10 Ligue 1 season. The first match was played on 30 August 2009 at the Stade Vélodrome. The highly anticipated match ended in a 0–0 draw and was played in front of 55,920 spectators, the highest attended match this season in Ligue 1. On 17 January 2010, the return match was played in Bordeaux; the match ended in 1–1 with Marseille goalkeeper Steve Mandanda scoring an own goal for Bordeaux during injury time of the first half and midfielder Benoît Cheyrou equalizing for Marseille nine minutes from time.
Marseille entered the match without recent French international Benoît Cheyrou due to a calf injury. Fellow midfielders Bakari Koné and Fabrice Abriel were questionable for the match with the former likely to make the bench, while the latter would not. Argentine international Gabriel Heinze returned to the team after having miss three weeks due to a stress fracture in his right fibula.