A coupé — also known as coupe — is a car with a fixed-roof body style usually with two doors.

The term coupé was first applied to horse-drawn carriages for two passengers without rear-facing seats.[1] The early coupé automobile's passenger compartment followed in general conception the design of horse-drawn coupés.[2] The French variant for this word thus denoted a car with a small passenger compartment.[2]

Hemmings Classic Car describes a coupe as "any two-door other than a two-door sedan, smaller than a related four-door in the same model line" and that "all two-door two-seaters with a solid roof are coupes."[1]

Automobile manufacturers have begun to use the term loosely and include sporty variants of their sedan lineup that feature sloping rooflines.[3]

The coupé name was derived from the French language verb couper, translating as cut.[4]

There are two common pronunciations in English:

The origin of the coupé body style come from the berline horse-drawn carriage. In the 18th century, the coupé version of the berline was introduced, which was a shortened ("cut") version with no rear-facing seat.[1][7][8] Normally, a coupé had a fixed glass window in the front of the passenger compartment.[9]

The term "berline coupé" was later shortened to "coupé".[7] The coupé was considered to be an ideal vehicle for women to use to go shopping or to make social visits.[10]

This page was last edited on 14 July 2018, at 23:44 (UTC).
Reference: under CC BY-SA license.

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