is a tool
with a characteristically shaped cutting edge (such that wood chisels have lent part of their name to a particular grind
) of blade
on its end, for carving or cutting a hard material such as wood
, or metal
by hand, struck with a mallet, or mechanical power.
The handle and blade of some types of chisel are made of metal or of wood with a sharp edge in it.
Chiselling use involves forcing the blade into some material to cut it. The driving force may be applied by pushing by hand, or by using a mallet or hammer. In industrial use, a hydraulic ram or falling weight ('trip hammer') may be used to drive a chisel into the material.
A gouge (one type of chisel) serves to carve small pieces from the material, particularly in woodworking, woodturning and sculpture. Gouges most frequently produce concave surfaces. A gouge typically has a 'U'-shaped cross-section.
Chisel comes from the Old French cisel, modern ciseau, Late Latin cisellum, a cutting tool, from caedere, to cut.
Chisels are common in the archeological record. Chisel-cut materials have also been found.
Woodworking chisels range from small hand tools for tiny details, to large chisels used to remove big sections of wood, in 'roughing out' the shape of a pattern or design. Typically, in woodcarving, one starts with a larger tool, and gradually progresses to smaller tools to finish the detail. One of the largest types of chisel is the slick, used in timber frame construction and wooden shipbuilding. There are many types of woodworking chisels used for specific purposes, such as:
This page was last edited on 6 May 2018, at 20:05 (UTC)
under CC BY-SA license.
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