Centralisation (British), or centralization (both British and American), is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location or group, keeping all of the important decision-making powers within the head office or the centre of the organisation.

The term has a variety of meanings in several fields. In political science, centralisation refers to the concentration of a government's power – both geographically and politically – into a centralised government.

Centralisation of authority: The systematic and consistent concentration of authority at a central point or in a person within the organisation.(Acharya, 2012)

This idea was first introduced in the Qin Dynasty of China. The Qin government was highly bureaucratic, and was administered by a hierarchy of officials, all serving the First Emperor, Qin Shi Huang(the Emperor).(Ancientmilitary.com, 2012) The Qin Dynasty practiced all the things that Han Feizi taught, allowing Qin Shi Huang to own and control all his territories, including those conquered from other countries. Zheng and his advisers ended feudalism in China by setting up new laws and regulations under a centralised and bureaucratic government, with a rigid centralisation of authority. Under this system, both the military and government thrived, because talented individuals might be more easily identified and picked out to be trained for specialised functions.(Bachman et al., 2007).

The acts for the implementation are needed after delegation. Therefore, the authority for taking the decisions can be spread with the help of the delegation of the authority.

The centralisation of the authority can be done immediately, if complete concentration is given on the decision-making at any position. This concept is generally referred to as the centralisation of the authority. The centralisation can be done with a position or at a level in an organisation. Therefore, the extension of the organisation is referred to as the centralisation of the authority. And the decision-making power must be hold in a few hands

This page was last edited on 21 March 2018, at 14:17.
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Centralisation under CC BY-SA license.

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