) is an autofocus single-lens reflex camera
(SLR) camera series produced by Canon Inc.
. Introduced in 1987 with the Canon EOS 650
, all EOS cameras used 35 mm film
until October 1996 when the EOS IX was released using the new and short-lived APS
film. In 2000, the D30 was announced, as the first digital SLR
designed and produced entirely by Canon. Since 2005, all newly announced EOS cameras have used digital image sensors
rather than film. The EOS line is still in production as Canon's current digital SLR
(DSLR) range, and, with the 2012 introduction of the Canon EOS M
, Canon's mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera
The name "EOS" was chosen for Eos, the Titan goddess of the dawn in Greek mythology, and is often pronounced as a word (), although some spell out the letters, reading it as an initialism.
It competes primarily with the Nikon F series and its successors, as well as autofocus SLR systems from Olympus Corporation, Pentax, Sony/Minolta, and Panasonic/Leica.
At the heart of the system is the EF lens mount, which replaced the previous FD lens mount, which mainly supported only manual-focus lenses.
The bayonet-style EF lens mount is at the centre of the EOS camera system. Breaking compatibility with the earlier FD mount, it was designed with no mechanical linkages between moving parts in the lens and in the camera. The aperture and focus are controlled via electrical contacts, with motors in the lens itself. This was similar in some ways to Canon's earlier attempt at AF with the T80. Other manufacturers including Contax (with its G series of interchangeable-lens 35 mm rangefinder cameras), Nikon's 1983 F3AF and Olympus (with its Four Thirds System) have since embraced this type of direct drive system. It is a large lens mount compared to most of its competition, enabling the use of larger aperture lenses.
This page was last edited on 13 March 2018, at 04:46.
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