The Baghels, who give their name to the region, are a branch of the Solanki who once ruled in Gujarat and migrated eastward in the 13th century. Vyaghra Dev was the first Solanki ruler who came to this area from Gujarat and established his rule. Bagh is derived from Vyaghra, which is Sanskrit for "tiger". The descendants of Vyaghra Dev are known as Baghels.
Bagelkhand Agency derived its name from the region.
Bagelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh is also known as Vindhya region. The art world is unaware of the painting tradition of this area. Raja Vishvanath Singh (1836-1857) was a great lover of art and he also wrote in Sanskrit. His Deewan (minister) Bansidhar was also a great scholar. During his times many mss were illuminated including shaktinidhi which contains several forms of Devi and Vishnunidhi which comprises different forms of Lord vishnu.