Armenian alphabet

Հայոց այբուբեն.svg
The Armenian alphabet (Armenian: Հայոց գրեր Hayoc' grer or Հայոց այբուբեն Hayoc' aybowben; Eastern Armenian: ; Western Armenian: ) is an alphabetical writing system used to write Armenian. It was developed around 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots, an Armenian linguist and ecclesiastical leader. It originally had 36 letters, but now has 39.

The Armenian word for "alphabet" is այբուբեն aybooben, named after the first two letters of the Armenian alphabet: ⟨ԱArmenian: այբ ayb and ⟨Բ⟩ Armenian: բեն ben. Armenian is written horizontally, left-to-right.


Ancient Armenian manuscripts used many ligatures. Some of the commonly used ligatures are: ﬓ (մ+ն), ﬔ (մ+ե), ﬕ (մ+ի), ﬖ (վ+ն), ﬗ (մ+խ), և (ե+ւ), etc. Armenian print typefaces also include many ligatures. In the new orthography, the character և is no longer a typographical ligature, but a distinct letter with a place in the new alphabetic sequence, before "o".

Armenian punctuation marks include:

Armenian punctuation marks used inside a word:

This page was last edited on 22 May 2018, at 19:43.
Reference: under CC BY-SA license.

Related Topics

Recently Viewed