Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh
The Armenian-controlled territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh
are areas formally part of Azerbaijan
and situated outside the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast
, which are since the end of the Karabakh War
controlled by the military forces of the de facto Republic of Artsakh
supported by Armenia
These areas have also been referred to as:
Based on the administrative and territorial division of Azerbaijan, Armenian forces control the territory of the following districts of Azerbaijan:
The total land area is 7,634 km2. The outer perimeter of these territories is a line of direct contact between the military forces of the Republic of Artsakh and Azerbaijan.
At the outset of the Karabakh conflict, the majority-Armenian Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast / Republic of Artsakh was surrounded by regions with Azerbaijani and Kurdish majorities and had no land border with Armenia. During the Nagorno-Karabakh war Azerbaijan had subjected Artsakh to a total blockade, which resulted in famine. As reported by the Human Rights Watch,
By the winter of 1991-92, as a result of Azerbaijan's three-year economic and transport blockade, Artsakh was without fuel…, electricity, running water, functioning sanitation facilities, communication facilities and most consumer goods.