is an estuary
located on the northwest coast of the U.S. state
. The Apalachicola Bay system also includes St. George Sound, St. Vincent Sound and East Bay, covering an area of about 208 square miles (540 km2
). Four islands St. Vincent Island
to the west, Cape St. George Island
and St. George Island
to the south, and Dog Island
to the east separate the system from the Gulf of Mexico
. Water exchange occurs through Indian Pass, West Pass, East Pass and the Duer Channel. The lagoon has been designated as a National Estuarine Research Reserve
and the Apalachicola River
is the largest source of freshwater to the estuary. Combined with the Chattahoochee River
, Flint River
, and Ochlockonee River
they drain a watershed of over 20,000 square miles (50,000 km2
) at a rate of 19,599 cubic feet (550 m3
) per second according to the United States Geological Survey
The region features 1,162 species of plants, and includes the largest natural stand of tupelo trees in the world. The area is also home to 308 species of birds, 186 species of fish, 57 species of mammals, and boasts the highest species density of amphibians and reptiles in all of North America, north of Mexico stated by the Apalachicola Reserve, 2002.
The Apalachicola Bay produces 90 percent of Florida’s oysters.
Apalachicola Bay is part of The National Estuarine Research Reserve System.
Coordinates: 29°40′23″N 84°57′43″W / 29.67306°N 84.96194°W
This page was last edited on 21 March 2018, at 13:40 (UTC)
under CC BY-SA license.