: مُحافظة السويداء
: Muḥāfaẓat as-Suwaydā’
) is one of the fourteen governorates
(provinces) of Syria
. It is the southernmost governorate and has an area of 5,550 km² and forms part of the historic Hawran
region. Its capital and major city is al-Suwayda
. A large majority of the population are Druze
Geographically the governorate comprises almost all of Jabal al-Druze, the eastern part of Lejah, and a part of the arid eastern steppe of Harrat al-Shamah.
The governorate has a population of about 770,000 inhabitants (est. 2011). It is the only governorate in Syria that has a Druze majority. There is also a sizable Eastern Orthodox minority, and a small Muslim refugee community from mainly Daraa Governorate as well as other parts of Syria.
In the 1980s Druze made up 87.6% of the population, Christians (mostly Greek Orthodox) 11% and Sunni Muslims 2%.
Most of the inhabitants live in the western parts of the governorate, especially on the western slopes of Jabal ad-Duruz. Only nomadic Bedouin tribes live in the barren region of Harrat al-Shamah.
The governorate is divided into 3 districts (manatiq):
These are further divided into 12 sub-districts (nawahi).
The governorate contains 3 cities, 124 villages, and 36 hamlets.
This page was last edited on 4 May 2018, at 17:37 (UTC)
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