The Italian Minister of Transport Rino Formica announced the formation of Aermediterranea as a joint-venture between Alitalia and ATI. Alitalia provided 55% of the capital and ATI provided the remaining 45%. After the revocation of the air operator's certificate of the private airline Itavia, all of the flight crew was transferred over to Aermediterranea.
The airline entered service on 1 July 1981, using eight McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32s, serving 572,000 passengers in 1982. In 1985, Aermediterranea ceased to exist and its employees and aircraft were transferred over to ATI, which was itself later absorbed by the parent company Alitalia in 1994.
The Aermediterranea fleet used eight McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 aircraft.
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