Twelve teams contested the league. Partick Thistle (champions) were promoted from the 2012–13 First Division, replacing Dundee (relegated). Heart of Midlothian were deducted 15 points (one-third of the previous season's total) for entering administration during the close season.
On 26 March, Celtic clinched their third title in a row and 45th in total after a 5–1 away win against Partick Thistle. It is the earliest that the title has been won since the 1928–29 season, when Rangers won it on 16 March.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Rules for classification: 1) points; 2) goal difference; 3) number of goals scored
1 Heart of Midlothian were deducted 15 points for entering administration
2 St Johnstone, as winners of the 2013–14 Scottish Cup, qualify to second qualifying round of Europa League.
(C) = Champion; (R) = Relegated; (P) = Promoted; (E) = Eliminated; (O) = Play-off winner; (A) = Advances to a further round.