The championships featured somewhat moderate performances – India, who topped the table at the previous edition, decided against sending a number of their top athletes. However, for many athletes it acted as a testing ground in the build up to the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships in March. The hosts Iran topped the medal table with five golds. China was second with four golds while Kazakhstan had the second greatest medal haul with a total of 14. Six Asian Indoor Championships records were broken or equalled at the championships.
The female events were held separately from the men's events, taking place during the morning sessions. Due to the Islamic country's customs, men were forbidden from watching the female events. All four of Kyrgyzstan's medals were won by only two women: twenty-year-old Viktoriia Poliudina won both the 1500 metres and 3000 metres events while her compatriot Tatyana Borisova managed an 800 metres silver and 1500 m bronze. Kazakhstan's Oksana Verner was another athlete to win two individual medals as she took silver behind Poliudina on both occasions. Satyender Singh's personal best and championship record throw in the shot put was one of highlights of the programme, although the women's pole vault was a less-contested affair as only two athletes took part.
It was later revealed that Oksana Verner and 400 metres gold medallist Munira Saleh failed a drugs test at the event and was banned from the sport for two years and life respectively.